Mr Ieuan ap Sion visited cylch meithrin Treffynnon to sing a nursery rhyme called the ‘Cadi Ha’.
The Cadi Ha was a way to celebrate the first day of May (May Day); it was a way of welcoming the summer, the warm weather and the chance for plants to grow. The Cadi Ha’s roots are firmly in Flintshire and span for many centuries. Celebrating May Day wasn’t a tradition unique to this area as there were similar ideas held in England e.g Morris Dancing. Celebrating May Day was a very important Celtic festival, and would be an occasion to promote fertility and growth.
The tradition in Flint suggests that it was mainly men from mining parts of the county that took part in this activity, they would dance and parade with the Cadi, while at the same time collecting money. On the night before May Day part of the tradition was to get a branch from a hawthorn tree and leave to soak in a tub of water, the following morning they would decorate it in colourful materials and tie small bells on it.
The miners would take the day off work, and as part of the festival they would paint their faces black and parade while dancing and collecting money. The men would dress in a white trousers and shire with red ribbons stuck on them, and everyone would be jumping around. At the end of the parade the men would spend the money that was collected in the local inns
The Cadi himself, which was usually one of the men, would carry a ladle with him collect money. The reference to the cow and calf in the words show that they were celebrating animals as well as plants and vegetables. The jump is an indication of trying to wake the earth and promote new living. The Cadi ha is a pagan tradition.
Hwp ha wen, Cadi Ha,
Morus stowt, am yr uchla’n neidio,
Hwp dene fo,
A chynffon buwch a chynffon llo,
A chynffon Rhisiart Parri’r go,
Hwp dene fo.